Fig. 1.8 King Henry VIII, 1540
Helas Madam was composed by Henry VIII (1491-1547), King of England. Before Henry VIII became King in 1509, part of his education included training in music. Music played a prominent role in his court, and for entertainment, he played numerous instruments and composed music. The piece Helas Madame is found in a collection of secular music used at King Henry's court. Some scholars have noted that the melody may have originated elsewhere in continental Europe, with King Henry adding the harmony. The musical form of this piece is a song with a homophonic texture and minor harmony.
TECHNIQUE TIPS: Use a lively tempo to play the melody of this piece. You may want to use slurs for some of the notes. A slur is a curved line grouping notes together, and is indicated by the sign . Notes included in the slur should be played in the same bow.